Who Are the Caregivers of Older Adults?

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According to a 2016 report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, there are primarily two categories of caregiver:

  • Caregivers who assist an older adult with any need because of health or functioning deficiencies
  • Caregivers who assist “high need” older adults with probable dementia or with at least two self-care activities (bathing, dressing, eating, toileting, transferring in and out of bed)


Caregiver Bellville OH - Who Are the Caregivers of Older Adults?

Caregiver Bellville OH – Who Are the Caregivers of Older Adults?

According to According to the National Study of Caregiving (NSOC), approximately 17.7 million individuals, which is about 7.7% of the population in the United States who are 20 years of age or older, who are caregivers of an older adult because of health or functioning reasons. Approximately half of those caregivers (8.5 million) provide care to an older adult with high needs. For most caregivers, this is a long-term responsibility. Consider that:

  • Only 15% of caregivers in the NCOS study provided care for less than one year
  • Approximately 70% of caregivers provided care for 2-10 years
  • About 15% of caregivers provided care for longer than 10 years


For most caregivers of older adults, the longer a caregiver provides care, the more likely it is that the caregiver will suffer negative consequences, which may include:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Social isolation
  • Financial losses


The two categories of caregiver may also be distinguished between:

  • Primary caregivers (have primary responsibility for, or spend the most time, providing care)
  • Secondary caregivers (provide intermittent supplementary or complementary assistance)


Primary Caregivers.

The typical primary caregiver:

  • Is usually a spouse or daughter
  • Provides more hours of care than secondary caregivers
  • Makes the majority of decisions about care


Secondary Caregivers

Secondary caregivers are usually men and non-relatives. It is common for caregiving to be distributed among multiple family members, there is not a lot of data that demonstrates the number of persons who provide secondary care, the type of care they provide, or whether they bring support or conflict to the caregiving dynamic within the family.

What to Expect As a Caregiver

Many caregivers are relied upon to provide care to an older adult more than once in the caregiver’s life.

There are many unknown variables that may affect the amount of time over the remainder of their lives that young adults (over age 20) and adults in their 50’s or 60’s may spend providing care.

Although no data exists, it is estimated that the difference in numbers between those who will be caregivers at some point in their lives and those who will never be caregivers is substantial.

What Characteristics Do Caregivers Possess?

Statistics show that caregivers are predominantly middle-aged daughters, daughter-in-laws, or spouses of the care recipient.

With family dynamics changing and the number of immediate family members decreasing, caregivers are having to travel further to provide care, which can be expensive and can cause difficulties communicating with the care recipient or other caregivers.

Data from studies on caregivers demonstrates the need for caregivers to reach out to home care providers to assist in providing care. If you are a caregiver, call our home care agency today to get the help you need.

Source:  https://www.nap.edu/read/23606/chapter/4

If you are considering Caregiver Services in Bellville OH, call the caring staff at Central Star Home Health at (419) 610-2161.  Providing services for families in Mansfield, Lexington, Bellville, Mt. Gilead, Loudonville, Crestline, Galion, Shelby, Ashland, Wooster, and the surrounding areas.
About the author: Stephen Sternbach
Stephen Sternbach has been the Chairman of the Board of Directors, President, and Chief Executive Officer of Star Multi Care Services since 1987. After the sale of the New York and New Jersey operations of Star Multi Care Services, Sternbach brought the company private where he remains President and CEO of this newly developed $22M home healthcare company. With Sternbach at the helm, Star Multi Care Services employs more than 550 employees, in six offices throughout Florida, Pennsylvania, Ohio and New York. From 1978 to 1986, Sternbach was associated with Automated Data Processing, Inc. (“ADP”)–a provider of information services, where he held several marketing positions before becoming the Director of Sales. 1999-2008 Sternbach was an active participant on the Board of Directors for Proginet–a computer software company based in Garden City, New York. He also served on the Board of Trustees of the Long Island Chapter of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society from 1996-2002. In 1996, Stephen Sternbach was named “Entrepreneur of the Year” by Ernst & Young, Paine Webber and NASDAQ. Sternbach was also named in Crain’s New York Business Article, “40 Under 40” Successful Business Executives/Future Business Leaders in 1995. While maintaining a diversity of business and personal interests, Sternbach concentrated most of his efforts over the past 28 years towards continuously improving the quality of services delivered by the Star Multi Care Services’ family of companies. Stephen Sternbach holds a Master of Public Administration from Syracuse University – Maxwell School of Public Administration and a Bachelor of Arts in Industrial Relations and Personnel Administration from Ithaca College.